Bijapur, a small city in the Indian state of Karnataka, is officially known as Vijayapura. The city is renowned for its historical monuments of grand architecture built during the reign of the Adil Shahi dynasty. It is a heritage city of Karnataka. The city was established in the 10th or 11th century by the Chalukyas of Kalyani and was named as Vijayapura or the city of victory. Bijapur is an ancient city which is the domain of different cultures and also houses five rivers. The rivers ensure a fertile land in the area that supports the agricultural lifestyle of its people. However, most of these rivers are rainfed and hence the region suffers from drought very frequently. There are reputed universities at Bijapur such as the Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka State Womens University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, etc. The place has a rich cultural heritage reflected through its sophisticated literature.
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