The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
On June 16, 1812, the Citi Bank of New York was found. The Samuel Osgood who was the statesman and retired Colonel became the first president of the Citi Bank. William Few became President of the Bank in August 1813, stayed until 1817, followed by Peter Stagg (1817?1825), Thomas Smith (1825?1827), Isaac Wright (1827?1832). In 1837, the ownership and management of the bank was acquired by Moses Taylor, a student of John Jacob Astor and one of the biggest names of the business world in the 19th century. Citibank provides credit cards, commercial loans, mortgages, personal loans, and lines of credit.The Citi bank has 2,649 branches in 19 countries. The U.S. branches are present in six metropolitan areas: New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., and Miami. The US accounted for 70% of revenue and Mexico accounted for 13% of revenue in 2016. Apart from the U.S. and Mexico, most of the branches are in Russia, Pakistan, India, Poland, and the UAE. Citigroup, the parent of Citibank, received financial assistance in the form of an investment from the U.S. Treasury, after the financial crisis of 2007?2008 and huge losses in the value of its subprime mortgage assets.