Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
On June 16, 1812, the Citi Bank of New York was found. The Samuel Osgood who was the statesman and retired Colonel became the first president of the Citi Bank. William Few became President of the Bank in August 1813, stayed until 1817, followed by Peter Stagg (1817?1825), Thomas Smith (1825?1827), Isaac Wright (1827?1832). In 1837, the ownership and management of the bank was acquired by Moses Taylor, a student of John Jacob Astor and one of the biggest names of the business world in the 19th century. Citibank provides credit cards, commercial loans, mortgages, personal loans, and lines of credit.The Citi bank has 2,649 branches in 19 countries. The U.S. branches are present in six metropolitan areas: New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., and Miami. The US accounted for 70% of revenue and Mexico accounted for 13% of revenue in 2016. Apart from the U.S. and Mexico, most of the branches are in Russia, Pakistan, India, Poland, and the UAE. Citigroup, the parent of Citibank, received financial assistance in the form of an investment from the U.S. Treasury, after the financial crisis of 2007?2008 and huge losses in the value of its subprime mortgage assets.