Vadodara is more popularly known by its earlier name Baroda. It is an important city in Gujarat. Vadodara stands third among the largest cities in Gujarat, closely following Ahmedabad and Surat. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, and hence the city has earned the name of the ?Sanskrit Nagar? or the ?Kala Nagari? (City of Arts). After the Mughals were expelled by the Marathas from Gujarat, their local lieutenants known as the Gaekwad clan settled down in Vadodara. The descendants of the royal family still remain in this city in the famous Lakshmi Vilas Palace. Fertilizers, medicines, compounds, fisheries, dairy, fiber weaves and machine gears contribute to this citys economy. Crops like rice, wheat, grams, sugarcane, yellow peas and yarn are harvested in Vadodara. The city is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. Vadodara experiences a semi-arid climate, with dry summers and winters and humid monsoon days. Many large-scale and heavy industries can be found in this city. Units of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (or ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) are to be found in and around the city. There are numerous educational institutions in Vadodara including the largest university in Gujarat - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
The Axis Bank has 14,000 ATMs, nine international offices, and 3,304 branches. The head office of Axis Bank is in Mumbai and registered office in Ahmedabad. The Axis Bank is the third largest private-sector bank in India offering a comprehensive range of financial products. The bank employed over 55,000 people and had a market capitalization of ?1.28 trillion, as of March 31, 2017. As of 30 Jun. 2016, the promoters & promoter group (United India Insurance Company Limited, Oriental Insurance Company Limited, National Insurance Company Limited, New India Assurance Company Ltd, GIC, LIC & UTI) owns the 30.81% shares of the Axis Bank. The rest of the 69.19% shares are held by Mutual Funds Institutions, FIIs, Financial Institutions (banks), Insurance companies, corporate bodies & individual investors among others. The registered office of the UTI bank was opened in Ahmedabad, and corporate office was opened in Mumbai in December 1993. Dr. Manmohan Singh, the Finance Minister of India, inaugurated the first branch on 2 April 1994 in Ahmedabad. After the Government of India allowed new private banks to be incorporated, the UTI Bank began its operations in 1993. In 2001 UTI Bank agreed to merge with and amalgamate Global Trust Bank, but the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) withheld approval, and nothing came of this. In 2004 the RBI put Global Trust into moratorium and supervised its merger into Oriental Bank of Commerce. The UTI Bank became the first Indian bank to launch the travel currency card in 2003. On July 30, 2007, UTI Bank changed its name to Axis Bank.