Vizianagaram is a seaside city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It functions as the headquarters of the Vizianagaram district and mandal. The city is close to the Bay of Bengal and around 40 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam. Various rivers flow through the city such as Nagavali, Vegavathi, Champavathi, Gomukhi, Suvarnamukhi, and Gostani, rendering the area very fertile and conducive to agriculture. There are several irrigation projects on these rivers which indirectly contribute to the economy of the city. The city experiences a predominantly hot and humid climate throughout the year. Around 2.3 lakh residents live in Vizianagaram who mainly speak in Telugu. The city is known for its production of Jute. The coastal belt of Vizianagaram is known for salt cultivation. The largest industry in this area is the manufacture units of ferromanganese. The city has 22 large-scale industries that manufacture jute twine, ferroalloys, sponge, sugar, cement, pharmaceuticals and iron. Vizianagaram has quite a few small-scale industries that focus on general engineering, motor workshops, RCC spun pipes, sawmills, aluminum utensils, groundnut oil mills, rolling mills and vehicle parts.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.