The large city of Shimoga in the Indian state of Karnataka functions as the district headquarters of Shimoga District. The city has been officially renamed shivamogga in 2014. It is located in the central part of Karnataka, on the banks of the Tunga River and serves as a gateway to the hilly regions of the Western Ghats. Shivamogga is popularly nicknamed as the "Gateway of Malnad." Shimoga experiences a tropical wet and dry climate and has a population of around 3.3 lakh. Shimoga is an important center for education with its wide variety of prestigious schools as well as colleges. Industries such as Malnad Alloys, Pearlite Industries, Vijay Technocrats, Perfect Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, etc. are some foundries that manufacture castings which are supplied to other related industries in the country as well as exported. The city is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, chili plantations, areca nut and coconut groves which contributes to the economy of the city. An IT Park is being constructed at Shimoga, near the upcoming Shimoga airport.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.