Panihati is a developing city in the North 24 Parganas district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration with more than 3 lakh residents. Panihati municipality is a part of the Kolkata Metropolitan Area Development Area or KMDA. There are prestigious educational institutions such as the St. Xaviers Institution, the Narula Institute of Technology, Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, etc. in the vicinity of the city. The small city is well connected via railways with two important railway stations - Agarpara and Sodepur in the vicinity. The place is known for hosting many industries. The Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals at Panihati is a leading manufacturer of medicines. The Bengal Waterproof Works Private Ltd. is popular for their brand Duckback. The Texmaco Rail and Engineering Ltd. has five manufacturing units in and around Panihati. The residents are either employed in these industries or they travel to the various service sectors of the KMDA region for work.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.