Kurnool, also known as the "Gateway of Rayalaseema," lies on the bank of River Thungabhadra in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city had once been the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh in the 1950s for three years. The Kurnool city serves as the headquarters of the Kurnool District. The rulers of various dynasties such as the Cholas, the Kakatiyas, the Nawabs and the Mughals have ruled over the city and given it a rich cultural heritage. The modern administration of the city is conducted by dividing it into 50 wards managed by elected representatives. The main economic activity in the city is fuelled by its industries such as mining and agriculture. The city is based has rich resources of various minerals like Iron, Ochre, Quartz, Dolomite, Limestone and Silica. Kurnool serves as an educational hub with institutions and universities like Rayalaseema University, Kurnool Medical College, G Pulla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology, Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Kurnool, Osmania College, etc. Kurnool draws a lot of tourists each year city and is well known for its excellent tourist destinations like the Belum Caves, Gandikota, Mantralayam, Yaganti Temple, Mahanandi Temple, Kurnool Fort, Kondareddy Burz, Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary, etc.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.