Kakinada, a city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, was formerly known as Cocanada. It is one of the largest cities in AP and serves as the district headquarters of the East Godavari district. It was initially known as Kakinandivada village, which was eventually a Dutch settlement. They used export sarees that were called coca or koka in Telugu. Hence, the place was named Cocanada. The name was finally changed to Kakinada after Independence. This city is one of the fastest growing cities in Andhra Pradesh and is currently being developed into a smart city as per PM Narendra Modis smart Cities Mission. Kakinada Port has a natural harbor at Hope Island, which contains two ports - an anchorage port and a deep-water port. The economy of Kakinada primarily depends upon agriculture, fishing and industrial sectors. Paddy and coconut are heavily cultivated in the city. The industrial sector covers the manufacture of refined edible oil, fertilizers and natural gas. The local economy is additionally supported by its textile industry and manufacture of auto parts, steel-related ancillary units and fishing. Kakinada is globally famous for its sweet called kaaja. This Tier-II city got its first IT Park in 2007 and many software companies have opened offices in the city, providing job opportunities to the local youths.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.