The city of Machilipatnam in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh functions as a municipal corporation, as well as the administrative, headquarter of its district. The city is also known as Masulipatnam and Bandar. It is an ancient port town which served as the settlement of the European traders in the 16th century. The British, Dutch and French used it as a major trading port in the 17th century. Machilipatnam experiences a tropical savanna climate with hot and humid summers and moderate winters. The city gets torrential rainfall during July, August and September. Owing to its vicinity to the Bay of Bengal, Machilipatnam is frequently hit by cyclones originating in the sea. The Machilipatnam Municipal Corporation is the civic body responsible for the governance of the city. This seaside city is known for its handloom industry, specializing in Kalamkari textiles that are exported to the United States and other Asian countries. Building boats and fishing are the other notable industries. Machilipatnam used to be a trading base for the Europeans and was known for the minting of copper coins, exporting diamonds and textiles. The AP state government is trying to revive the glory of the former port city. The Machilipatnam Area Development Authority is planning to set up a deep seaport and its associated industrial corridor at Machilipatnam which is expected to employ over 25,000 people.
The Vijaya Bank was founded by a group of farmers under the leadership of A. B. Shetty on 23 October 1931, in Mangaluru, Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka State. It was named Vijaya Bank since it was found on the auspicious Vijayadashami Day. During the economic chaos created out of the Great Depression of 192730, Shetty approached some eminent personalities to start a bank with the aim of providing credit facilities at a lower rate of interest to the farmers for cultivating their lands and preventing them from falling in the grasp of money lenders. On 23 October 1931, Mr.Shetty involved 14 leaders and established Vijaya Bank. The bank had an authorized capital of ?Five lakh and an issued capital of ?Two lakh in the beginning. Being a retail bank, its topline growth has come from the retail segments. Retail advances of the bank constitute 30% of the gross credit. The Bank has been actively working with the agenda of financial inclusion. The bank has been started with the objective of financial empowerment and providing banking services to the rural masses. The Vijaya bank has also opened Basic Savings Bank Accounts under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana and provided Rupay debit cards to all the account holders. The bank participated in promoting social security schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, and Atal Pension Yojana.