Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
The Punjab and Sind Bank was established in the year 1908 with an idea to uplift the weaker section with the far-sighted vision of luminaries like Sir Sunder Singh Majitha, Bhai Vir Singh, and Sardar Tarlochan Singh. They enjoyed the highest respect from the people of Punjab. A Punjab & Sind Bank branch was established in London in the 1960s. In 1991, the Bank of Baroda acquired the Punjab & Sind Banks London branch on the request of the RBI based on the Punjab & Sinds involvement in the Sethia fraud. The Bank confirmed to have a network of 920 branches or extension counters and 63 ATMs spread across the country as of July 31, 2010. Notably, they have 49 specialized departments, out of the 920 offices. The Punjab & Sind Bank was established to support the weaker section of the society with the vision of social commitment in the course of economic endeavors for raising their standard of life. In particular, Punjab & Sind Bank reached among the six banks that where nationalized by the Government of India during the second wave of nationalizations on 15 April 1980. ICICI Bank has tied up with Punjab and Sind Bank for offering the state of art technology to the cardholders for competing with the other competitors in the banking industry.