Parbhani is a city in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It functions as the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District situated in the Marathwada region of the state. Parbhani was earlier a part of the Nizam State and was later passed on to the Hyderabad State. When the Indian states were reorganized in 1956, Parbhani became a part of the then Bombay state. It was included within the boundaries of Maharashtra in 1960. The famous Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University is located in Parbhani. In ancient times, the city was known by the name "Prabhavati Nagari," named after a massive temple of Goddess Prabhavati in the area. The present name of the city is a distorted form of Prabhavati. Parbhani has around 3 lakh residents and has been recognized as one of the cleanest cities in Maharashtra. Parbhani is located in the Godavari Valley, and hence the citys soil is very fertile as well as rich in nutrients. The economy of Parbhani is largely fuelled by agriculture and agribusiness. Parbhani is well connected to the neighboring areas and also offers all modern amenities to its residents. An annual festival is organized at Hazrat Turabul Haq Dargah in Parbhani, which attracts lakhs of tourists each year.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.