Nellore, situated in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, is also known as Vikrama Simhapuri. Various dynasties like the Mauryas, Ashoka the Great, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Cholas, the Pallavas and other empires had ruled over this area for years. The modern administration of the city is carried out by an elected representative for each of its 56 wards. The city functions as the headquarters of Nellore District. The fertile banks of River Penna support the cultivation of paddy at Nellore. The economy or trade in Nellore mainly depends upon agricultural produce along with other modern industries such as hardware, textile, automobile, consumer goods and other SMEs. There are a few of large industrial estates in and around the city that houses units of Nippo batteries and Apache leather shoes. Shrimp culturing is quite famous at Nellore, owing to its proximity to the sea. Nellore has many educational institutions and universities and many other schools and colleges. Some of the well-known tourist attractions in and around Nellore include the Barashaheed Dargah, the Venkatagiri Fort, the Tikkana Park, the Udayagiri Fort, the Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary, the Nellore Ranganatha Temple, etc.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.