Kurnool, also known as the "Gateway of Rayalaseema," lies on the bank of River Thungabhadra in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city had once been the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh in the 1950s for three years. The Kurnool city serves as the headquarters of the Kurnool District. The rulers of various dynasties such as the Cholas, the Kakatiyas, the Nawabs and the Mughals have ruled over the city and given it a rich cultural heritage. The modern administration of the city is conducted by dividing it into 50 wards managed by elected representatives. The main economic activity in the city is fuelled by its industries such as mining and agriculture. The city is based has rich resources of various minerals like Iron, Ochre, Quartz, Dolomite, Limestone and Silica. Kurnool serves as an educational hub with institutions and universities like Rayalaseema University, Kurnool Medical College, G Pulla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology, Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Kurnool, Osmania College, etc. Kurnool draws a lot of tourists each year city and is well known for its excellent tourist destinations like the Belum Caves, Gandikota, Mantralayam, Yaganti Temple, Mahanandi Temple, Kurnool Fort, Kondareddy Burz, Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary, etc.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.