Kanpur is an Indian city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was earlier known as "Cawnpore." It closely follows the state capital Lucknow in terms of area and population. The city is of utmost religious, historical and commercial importance. Kanpur stands on the banks of the eternal Ganga and is considered to be one of the major industrial centers of India. This industrial town excels in basic metal, chemicals and rubber products. Kanpur has a bunch of defense factories for Field guns, ordnance equipment, small arms and ordnance parachutes. The leather industry in Kanpur is also quite famous. Kanpur previously had a huge yield of cotton and was often called the "Manchester of India." Besides being the most industrialized region of UP, Kanpur is also recognized as an important educational center. The city hosts prestigious institutions like IIT Kanpur and Harcourt Butler Technological Institute. Moreover, Kanpur is closely following Kota and has recently become a hub of coaching center. Innumerable coaching institutes have sprouted in the Kakadeo area of Kanpur. The infrastructural facilities in Kanpur are under development. The city has a domestic airport, but people need to travel to the neighboring city of Lucknow for international flights. Kanpur Central is an important and busy railway station with rail routes connecting to all major Indian cities. The local roads in Kanpur are not well appreciated although many highways pass through the city. A peripheral Outer Ring Road is under-construction to allow the heavy vehicles to bypass the city and prevent traffic congestion in the city. Kanpur is famous for its pollution. According to WHO, it is the worlds most polluted city and thus hinders the development of the city.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.