Jalandhar was known by the name Jullundur during the British era. This Indian city is situated in the north-western state of Punjab. It is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the country. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jalandhar district which is divided into 63 wards represented by the elected members called counselors. The city has a rich history in folklore. According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, Jalandhar was the capital of King Lav, the son of Lord Rama and was apparently named after a demon called "Jalandar". The main economic support of the city is derived from agriculture. The most grown crop is wheat followed by other crops such as rice, cotton, pearl millet, maize, sugarcane, barley and different fruits. Jalandhar is home to many government-run and private educational institutions. Prestigious institutions like the National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, DAV University, Lovely Professional University, Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Khalsa College etc. have been opened in Jalandhar. The city is also known for places of tourist attractions such as Devi Talab Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Shiv Bari Mandir, Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid, Gurudwara Kakipind Rama Mandir, etc.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.