Bihar Sharif. located in the Indian state of Bihar, functions as the headquarters of the Nalanda district. It is the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan region in the state. Its name is derived from two words - Bihar which is taken from the name of the state as well as from the word Buddha Vihara; and sharif which refers to the resting place of the Sufi saint Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri. The city is a renowned hub of education and trade in the southern regions of Bihar. The economy of this city centers around agriculture, tourism and household manufacturing. Crops such as potato, cauliflower, mustard seed and other vegetables are cultivated and sold to neighboring states. The city serves as a gateway to Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri; thus tourism also boosts the citys economy. The household industries manufacture footwear and garments that add to the revenue generation of the city. Bihar Sharif is currently competing to obtain funds under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.