Bhagalpur is a historically important city. It is nestled on the banks of the Ganges in the Indian state of Bihar. Etymologically, the name of the city was derived from the word Bhagdatpuram which means good luck. According to the Hindu mythological texts, it was the place where the Hindu Gods and demons churned the ocean (Samudra Manthan) to procure elixir. Often referred to as the Silk City, Bhagalpur is a major commercial, educational and political center, and it has been selected by PM Narendra Modi for being developed into a smart city. The fertile plains in the Gangetic basin support the cultivation of crops such as rice, barley, wheat, maize and oilseeds. The city has been long associated with the silk industry - its Tussar Silk & Bhagalpuri Sarees are famous all over the country. The thermal power plant of NTPC Kahalgaon is located in the vicinity of the city. This industrial belt is equally important in boosting the citys economy. The Government of India has taken the initiative to establish a Hand-loom park at Bhagalpur. Private entrepreneurs have also set up a food park. Bhagalpurs Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is famous for Gangetic dolphins and attracts many tourists and environmentalists. There are various tourist spots like the Mandar Parvat, the Kuppa Ghat and a Stupa from the Pala Empire.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.