Barasat is a neighborhood in Kolkata, situated in the Indian state of West Bengal. It functions as the headquarters of the North 24 Parganas district as well as the Barasat Sadar subdivision. Known for its strategic location at a railway and road junction, Barasat is a regional transportation hub. Several important roads, including National Highway 12, National Highway 112 pass through the town. During the Mughal period, Sankar Chakraborty (who was a commander of the king of Jessore in Bangladesh) came to Barasat and established himself. During the British era, the officials of the East India Company made Barasat a weekend retreat by constructing houses with gardens. Warren Hastings had built his villa in the heart of the region. The place was known for its indigo cultivation and thus contributed largely to the economy of the state. The city is located in the Gangetic plain. Today, the fertile land of the area ensures the cultivation of crops like rice, legumes, potatoes, sugarcane and coconuts. Prestigious academic institutes such as West Bengal State University, Barasat Government College, Brainware University, Adamas University, etc. are located in Barasat. The city has many Ashramas dedicated to different saints and gurus for the Hindu devotees.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.