A city as well as a municipal board in the district of the same name, Bahraich is located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies beside the Saryu River, which is a tributary of River Ghaghra. Bahraich shares an international border with the neighboring country, Nepal. According to the socio-economic and basic amenities indicators, the Government of India has declared that Bahraich is one of the most minority-concentrated areas in India. Bahraich has a vast forest cover. Trees like Shisham, Dhak, Mahua, Babul, Ashok, Khajur, Mango, Neem, Peepal and Gular are grown here. Several varieties of mangoes, especially the Dasheri mangoes, are grown here. The main crops cultivated at Bahraich are wheat, paddy, sugarcane, mustard and various vegetables. Apart from this, many medicinal and herbal plants like Tulsi, Peppermint are also grown in Bahraich. Hence, the city has an agricultural economy. The area is a growing district in the direction of education as many institutions have been set up in Bahraich like Sanjeevani Institute of Technology and Management, Lord Buddha Degree College, Rupaidiha, Mithilesh Nandini Reshama Arif Mahavidyalaya and several other Islamic education institutes. Awadhi and Urdu are the most commonly used language by the people of Bahraich.
In 1964 the head office of Indian Overseas Bank was inaugurated at Mount Road. The Indian Overseas Bank has been the first public sector bank to introduce mobile banking services using Wireless Application Protocol(WAP). On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. In 2005, the IOB began a representative office in Guangzhou; China followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and Dubai, UAE. In 2007 The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by Bank Of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank (IIB Malaysia), began its operations in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank has a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has incorporated an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch. In 2014-15, the IOB bank has crossed the target of 3000 ATMs as on 2014.IOB also launched m passbook app as a new mobile banking initiative.