The city of Sonipat is also a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Haryana. Situated at a distance of 43 kilometers from the capital city of Delhi, Sonipat is a part of the National Capital Region. The Yamuna marks the eastern boundary of Sonipat, which was earlier a part of Rohtak but was separated and made into a full-fledged district in 1972. Legend says that Sonipat was previously known as Sonprastha, which was modified to svarnaprastha or the golden city. Later, the name was shortened to Svarnpath, and eventually to its current form, Sonipat - also spelled as Sonepat. The Hindu epic Mahabharata says that Svarnaprastha was founded by the Pandavas. The district of Sonipat is divided into three regions - Khadar, Upland Plain and Sandy Region. The city is located on the upland plains. This area is rich in old alluvium, which is highly productive if properly irrigated. Wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, millet, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize are abundantly cultivated at Sonipat using irrigation through tube wells and canals. Horticultural plants, vegetables and flowers are also cultivated. Dairy farming and animal husbandry form an essential part of Sonipats rural economy. Four industrial areas have been developed at Sonipat and factories of HSIIDC, Atlas, Birla Factory, OSRAM India, etc. have been set up. The Rajiv Gandhi Education City at Sonipat has been set up by the government that offers space to many universities for setting up their campus.
The Indian Bank was founded on 15th August,1907. Fourteen top banks were nationalized by the Indian Government on 19th July,1969, including Indian Bank. As a result of the nationalization, the branches of nationalized Indian banks in Malaysia were forbidden to continue operations as parent branches. At that time, Indian Bank had three offices. In 1973, the three branches merged to establish United Asian Bank Berhad and take over their Malaysian operations. After the nationalization, Indian Bank was left with only two foreign offices, one in Colombo and the other in Singapore. The International expansion resumed in 1978 with Indian Bank becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia. Two years later, Indian Bank, BOB, and UBI established Indian Union Bank International Finance, in Hong Kong. The three banks had an equal share in the joint venture; the Indian Banks Chairman became the first Chairman of IUB International Finance. In May 1980, the Indian Bank also opened a foreign currency unit at its branch in Colombo. In 1981, the Indian Bank set up its first Regional Rural Bank, in Chittoor.