Kollam, formerly known as Desinganadu, is an old seaport and a thriving city in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a port city along the Laccadive Sea coast. Mar Sabor, an East Syriac bishop, had founded the Kollam Port. The city is situated on the banks of the Ashtamudi Lake. In ancient times, Kollam had a strong commercial relationship with the Chinese. Kollam city ranks 5th in the country and 3rd in Kerala in terms of per capita income and economic performance. The port city has an excellent export background. Fishing and dairy farming largely contribute to the citys economy. The government is about to establish a fishing harbor in the vicinity of the city in order to increase the fish production. Fisheries, hatcheries, turkey and poultry farms are also plentiful in the city. The city also has a rich mineral base. The sands on the beaches and the entire area has a good amount of heavy minerals such as Ilmenite, Monosite, Rutile and Zircon, which can be used for industrial purposes. There are limestone deposits and bauxite in and around the city. Kollam is often called the "Cashew Capital of the World", as the city is noted for its traditional cashew business. This city is a microcosm of Kerala and its residents are from various religious, ethnic and linguistic groups.
The Indian Bank was founded on 15th August,1907. Fourteen top banks were nationalized by the Indian Government on 19th July,1969, including Indian Bank. As a result of the nationalization, the branches of nationalized Indian banks in Malaysia were forbidden to continue operations as parent branches. At that time, Indian Bank had three offices. In 1973, the three branches merged to establish United Asian Bank Berhad and take over their Malaysian operations. After the nationalization, Indian Bank was left with only two foreign offices, one in Colombo and the other in Singapore. The International expansion resumed in 1978 with Indian Bank becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia. Two years later, Indian Bank, BOB, and UBI established Indian Union Bank International Finance, in Hong Kong. The three banks had an equal share in the joint venture; the Indian Banks Chairman became the first Chairman of IUB International Finance. In May 1980, the Indian Bank also opened a foreign currency unit at its branch in Colombo. In 1981, the Indian Bank set up its first Regional Rural Bank, in Chittoor.