Katihar is situated in the eastern regions of the Indian state of Bihar. It functions as the regional headquarter of the Katihar district. It is known all over the eastern part of India for being a highly strategic railway junction. This city belonged to the Purnia district earlier. It is a part of the Mithila region. Katihar has a widespread railway network which connects the city to every other part of the country. It is known for its connectivity to the nooks and corners of the North East via railway and hence it is sometimes called "The Gateway of North-East." The city is located in the interior of Bihar and does not have a good network of roads. Katihar has many renowned educational institutions. Schools like Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ramakrishna Mission and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya have their branches in the city. Quite a few well-known colleges in Katihar offer courses in medical sciences, technology. law and other disciplines. The city has a special inclination towards Movies and Sports. There are many movie theatres and open grounds to support these passions of the residents. The railway junction, which is connected to six different lines, is the main revenue generator for this city. Katihar is also a commercial city with plenty of shops, showrooms and restaurants.
The Indian Bank was founded on 15th August,1907. Fourteen top banks were nationalized by the Indian Government on 19th July,1969, including Indian Bank. As a result of the nationalization, the branches of nationalized Indian banks in Malaysia were forbidden to continue operations as parent branches. At that time, Indian Bank had three offices. In 1973, the three branches merged to establish United Asian Bank Berhad and take over their Malaysian operations. After the nationalization, Indian Bank was left with only two foreign offices, one in Colombo and the other in Singapore. The International expansion resumed in 1978 with Indian Bank becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia. Two years later, Indian Bank, BOB, and UBI established Indian Union Bank International Finance, in Hong Kong. The three banks had an equal share in the joint venture; the Indian Banks Chairman became the first Chairman of IUB International Finance. In May 1980, the Indian Bank also opened a foreign currency unit at its branch in Colombo. In 1981, the Indian Bank set up its first Regional Rural Bank, in Chittoor.