The Indian city of Bhavnagar is situated in the western state of Gujarat. It is often called ?Bhavena? by the residents. The city serves as the administrative headquarters of Bhavnagar District which was established by and named after Bhavsinhji Gohil. Bhavnagar city was the former capital of the Bhavnagar princely state, which was later merged into India in 1948. The city is a gateway to the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. It has some of the holiest temples of the Jain religion. The economy of this city is primarily industrial in nature. There are a large number of medium and small-scale industries based in the city. Diamond cutting and polishing units, plastics, salt and marine chemicals, shipbuilding and ship-breaking industries are widely popular in the Bhavnagar area. Besides the industrial units, the citys economy also benefits from agriculture. Groundnut, onion, cotton, bajra, guavas and pomegranate and mango are cultivated and traded. The city is known for its version of the traditional Gujarati snack Ganthiya. There are many government-run as well as private educational institutions in this city. Moreover, Bhavnagar attracts quite a lot of religious pilgrims since it is close to the Palitana Jain Temples. Other places like Blackbuck National Park, Takhteshwar Temple, Khodiyar Mandir, Victoria Park, Nilambag Palace Hotel, etc. also attract many tourists.
The Indian Bank was founded on 15th August,1907. Fourteen top banks were nationalized by the Indian Government on 19th July,1969, including Indian Bank. As a result of the nationalization, the branches of nationalized Indian banks in Malaysia were forbidden to continue operations as parent branches. At that time, Indian Bank had three offices. In 1973, the three branches merged to establish United Asian Bank Berhad and take over their Malaysian operations. After the nationalization, Indian Bank was left with only two foreign offices, one in Colombo and the other in Singapore. The International expansion resumed in 1978 with Indian Bank becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia. Two years later, Indian Bank, BOB, and UBI established Indian Union Bank International Finance, in Hong Kong. The three banks had an equal share in the joint venture; the Indian Banks Chairman became the first Chairman of IUB International Finance. In May 1980, the Indian Bank also opened a foreign currency unit at its branch in Colombo. In 1981, the Indian Bank set up its first Regional Rural Bank, in Chittoor.