Bagaha is a small city located in the Pashchim Champaran district of Bihar. It is a city and a municipality and functions as a subdivision of the Pashchim Champaran district. Bagaha is situated around 64 kilometers north-west of Bettiah and around 294 kilometers away from the state capital Patna. The Gandak River flows through this city, gifting it with fertile soil suitable for cultivation. Bagaha also houses the Valmiki Tiger Reserve. Bagaha has more than 1 lakh residents who mostly speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri and Urdu. The economy of the region is chiefly agrarian and the resident farmers are engaged in the cultivation of paddy, sugarcane and cane reeds.
The Indian Bank was founded on 15th August,1907. Fourteen top banks were nationalized by the Indian Government on 19th July,1969, including Indian Bank. As a result of the nationalization, the branches of nationalized Indian banks in Malaysia were forbidden to continue operations as parent branches. At that time, Indian Bank had three offices. In 1973, the three branches merged to establish United Asian Bank Berhad and take over their Malaysian operations. After the nationalization, Indian Bank was left with only two foreign offices, one in Colombo and the other in Singapore. The International expansion resumed in 1978 with Indian Bank becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia. Two years later, Indian Bank, BOB, and UBI established Indian Union Bank International Finance, in Hong Kong. The three banks had an equal share in the joint venture; the Indian Banks Chairman became the first Chairman of IUB International Finance. In May 1980, the Indian Bank also opened a foreign currency unit at its branch in Colombo. In 1981, the Indian Bank set up its first Regional Rural Bank, in Chittoor.