The large city of Shimoga in the Indian state of Karnataka functions as the district headquarters of Shimoga District. The city has been officially renamed shivamogga in 2014. It is located in the central part of Karnataka, on the banks of the Tunga River and serves as a gateway to the hilly regions of the Western Ghats. Shivamogga is popularly nicknamed as the "Gateway of Malnad." Shimoga experiences a tropical wet and dry climate and has a population of around 3.3 lakh. Shimoga is an important center for education with its wide variety of prestigious schools as well as colleges. Industries such as Malnad Alloys, Pearlite Industries, Vijay Technocrats, Perfect Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, etc. are some foundries that manufacture castings which are supplied to other related industries in the country as well as exported. The city is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, chili plantations, areca nut and coconut groves which contributes to the economy of the city. An IT Park is being constructed at Shimoga, near the upcoming Shimoga airport.
In 1994, HDFC Bank was established, based in Mumbai, India. As of 31st March 2018, it has a presence of 88,253 permanent employees. Outside India, it is present in Bahrain, Hong Kong, and Dubai. The largest bank in India by market capitalization and ranked 69th in 2016 BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands. The Union Finance Minister, Mr. Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first office of HDFC Bank. Across India, the bank had 4,715 branches and 12,260 ATMs, as of June 30, 2017. In FY 2017, 4.30 lakhs POS terminals were installed and 235.7 lakhs debit cards and 85.4 Lacs credit cards were issued. Several products and services are offered by the HDFC Bank including wholesale banking, auto loans, two wheeler loans, personal loans, treasury, retail banking, loans against property. HDFC bank also introduced various digital products such as Payzapp and Chillr. In February 2000, the HDFC Bank merged with Times Bank. It was one of the first mergers of two private banks in the new-generation private sector banks category. The HDFC Board approved the acquisition of Centurion Bank in 2008 for 95.1 billion INR which was one of the most significant mergers in India in the financial sector.