The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
Federal Bank Limited was established on 28th April 1931. In September 2006, the Ganesh Bank of Kurundwad was merged with Federal Bank, and the total number of the bank branches crossed 500. In July 2011, the Federal office launched the general insurance cover for stabilizing the relationship with the clients. FedDelight, banks unique gift card was launched in September 2011. In November 2011, the bank started its 24/7 customer care which was controlled by differently abled people. The Federal Bank has also signed an agreement with Samba Bank for inward remittance. The stocks of the bank get listed on the BSE Index in 2012. In August 2013, the bank launched its first electronic passbook named Fedbook in India, and it was awarded as the most active organization. The bank has adopted an exclusive video conferencing facility named Vconnect to enable customers to interact with relationship managers of the bank. In June 2015, the bank launched an innovative payment app for its customers named, Scan n Pay. Another initiative in digital banking was Fed-E-Credit, the first digital loan in August 2015. In January 2016, the bank introduced miss call based banking services for fund transfer.