Vellore is a city as well as the administrative headquarters of the Vellore District of Tamil Nadu. It is a part of Tondaimandalam or Tondai Nadu. Located beside River Palar, Vellore has been ruled by various rulers such as the Pallavas, the Cholas, the Vijayanagar Empire, the Rashtrakutas, the Carnatic kingdom and the British. Legend says that the region housed many Velan (or Babul) trees, which gave the name "Vellore" to the city. The city of Vellore is the stronghold of the Arcot Mudaliars population. The other largest communities in the city are the Balija Naidus and the Muslims. The city has four zones that are further sub-divided into 60 wards for civic administration. Vellore is being developed into a smart city as per PM Narendra Modis Smart Cities Mission. Vellore is the home to two of Indias top educational institutions - Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) and Christian Medical College & Hospital. The city is a major center for medical tourism in the country as people from all over the country travel to Vellore to seek various treatments. Moreover, Vellore is the top exporter of leather products in the country. The countrys biggest explosives manufacturing company is located in Vellore. It is called the Tamil Nadu Explosives Limited (TEL). The Vellore Fort, Srilakshmi Golden Temple and Sri Jalakandeswarar Temple are few of the places worth visiting in Vellore.
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