Jalandhar was known by the name Jullundur during the British era. This Indian city is situated in the north-western state of Punjab. It is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the country. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jalandhar district which is divided into 63 wards represented by the elected members called counselors. The city has a rich history in folklore. According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, Jalandhar was the capital of King Lav, the son of Lord Rama and was apparently named after a demon called "Jalandar". The main economic support of the city is derived from agriculture. The most grown crop is wheat followed by other crops such as rice, cotton, pearl millet, maize, sugarcane, barley and different fruits. Jalandhar is home to many government-run and private educational institutions. Prestigious institutions like the National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, DAV University, Lovely Professional University, Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Khalsa College etc. have been opened in Jalandhar. The city is also known for places of tourist attractions such as Devi Talab Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Shiv Bari Mandir, Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid, Gurudwara Kakipind Rama Mandir, etc.
The Deutsche Bank was founded in 1870, and its first domestic branches were opened in Bremen and Hamburg in 1871 and 1872. The branch opening in London was a prime necessity for the establishment of credit for the German trade. Significant projects in the early years of the bank included the Northern Pacific Railroad in the US and the Baghdad Railway in 1888. In Germany, the bank was contributory in the financing of steel company Krupp (1879) bond offerings. In the 1890s, the new period of expansion at Deutsche Bank began. The bank associated with some giant regional banks, making its entry into leading industrial regions of Germany. Joint ventures were symptomatic of the concentration then underway in the German banking industry. Having domestic branches of its own was still something of a rarity for Deutsche Bank; in 1886 the Frankfurt branch established and the Munich branch in 1892, while further offices were opened in 1901 in Dresden and Leipzig. The formation of Deutsche Ueberseeische Bank in 1886 was gently pressurized by the foreign ministry, and three years later the stake was taken in the newly established Deutsch-Asiatische Bank. But the success of those companies showed that their existence was commercially justified.