Begusarai is a town in the Indian state of Bihar. It functions as the administrative headquarters of the Begusarai district which lies on the northern bank of Ganges. It was established and made into a part of the Munger District 1870. The communists have had a strong hold on Begusarai and thus the town was once called the "Leningrad of Bihar." The city is divided into three floodplains called the Ganga Floodplain, the Burhi Gandak Floodplain and the Kareha-Bagmati Floodplain. Agriculture is the pillar of Begusarais economy. The principal cash crops of the area are oilseeds, aniseed, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies and tomato. Fruits such as Litchi, Mango, Guava and Banana are also cultivated in the area. Recently basil leaves and pearl farming has attracted local farmers. The Barauni refinery contributes considerably to the state exchequer yearly. The city has around 2.5 lakh residents who are mostly employed in the agricultural sector.
On 31st October 1904, The Kumbakonam Bank Limited as it was then called was incorporated as a limited company. The first MOA was signed by 20 devoted and prominent citizens of Kumbakonam including T.S.Raghavachariar, Sarvashri R. Santhanam Iyer, S.Krishna Iyer, and V.Krishnaswami Iyengar. The First Agent of the Bank was T.S.Raghavachariar. He was succeeded by Shri R. Santhanam Iyer, who was designated as Secretary of the bank under the amended Articles of Association which states that "now onwards the secretary will be the in charge of the Banks Management in place of an agent." Shri S. Mahalinga Iyer succeeded him as Secretary who subsequently became the First full-time MD of the Kumbakonam bank as per the amendment of Articles in 1929. From 1926 to 1929, he held the position of Secretary and that of MD from 1929 to 1963. in the beginning. The bank preferred the role of a regional rural bank and slowly built an office in the Delta District, Thanjavur. On 24th January 1930, the first branch of the Bank was opened at Mannargudi. After that, branches were opened at several places within a span of 25 years. On November 14, the bank celebrated its golden jubilee at Kumbakonam.