The district of Buxar consists of areas under the Buxar Sadar of the old Bhojpur District and it came into existence in 1991. The headquarters and principal town of the state is Buxar Town. The district is surrounded by Ballia, Ghaziapur, Rohtas and Bhojpur District. The Buxar District consists of a total of 2 sub-divisions and 11 blocks. One town is located in each of the sub-division. The climate of the district is moderate. The months of May and April are considered to be very hot and the cold weather begins in November and lasts till March end. However, the rainfall experienced by the district is mostly in July and August. The district of Buxar is also struggling with the problems of deforestation which is asserted by the thin forest area. Firewood is still considered to be one of the major products of these forests. One of the primary reasons for the thinning of forest line is considered to be the development of irrigation programs around the district. Animals found in the district are Neelgain, spotted deer and monkeys. The perennial source of water is the river, Sone. This river-stretch provides irrigation to a significant portion of the district. Buxar has gradually turned into an agriculture-centric district with a large chunk of its land-use devoted towards agricultural activities. Rice, wheat, grams and pulses are considered to be the main crops of the district. When it comes to industry, there are many small and medium scale industries located in this district. The major SMEs in the district being the soap industry and the leather industry. The credit facilities in the district, however, are very limited. The primary credit-giving banks in the district are the Central Co-Operative Institutions. These banks are only limited to financing the short and medium term loans towards agricultural practices.
The Central Bank of India was found on 21st December 1911. Its head office is in Mumbai. The stocks of the bank are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange in India. In 1938, the Barclays bank acquired the Central Bank Exchange of India. In 1963, Central Bank of Indias operations in Burma was nationalized by the government of Burma, and it became Peoples Bank No. 1. In 1969, the Central Bank was nationalized by the Indian Government on 19 July, together with 13 others.In the year 1980, Central Bank of India was one of the first banks in India to issue credit cards in collaboration with MasterCard. For the year ended 2013, Central Bank of India announces that the total business of Rs. 402000 Cr and the net profit of Rs. 1015 Cr. A new CMD, Mr. Rajiv Rishi was appointed by the Central Bank of India on 1 August 2013, who was previously ED of Indian Bank and General Manager of OBC. On 1 November 2013, the bank opened its second representative office in Hong Kong.